Might and May Grammar

Might and May Grammar

We commonly use "May" And "Might" to express possibility in present, past and future.

Note: We use "May", when we have 50% chance to do something and "Might" is used when we have 30% chance to do something.

Might and May Grammar

Examples:

  • It may rain today.
  • It might rain today.

Present

Formula: Subject  + may / might + first form of the verb + object.

Examples:

  • She may join us before the meeting.  (Affirmative)
  • She might join us before the meeting. (Affirmative)
  • She may not / mayn't join us before the meeting. (Negative)
  • She might not / mightn't join us before the meeting. (Negative)

Note: We usually don't use may and might to make question. Instead, we use be likely to / that or do you think?.

Examples:

  • Is she likely to join us before the meeting?
  • Do you think she may / might join us before the meeting?

Past

Formula: Subject + may have / might have + 3rd form of the verb + object.

Examples:

  • I haven't heard from him for years. He May / might have died. (Affirmative)
  • They didn't attend the party. They may / might have had some issues. (Negative)

Future

Formula: Subject + may / might + first form  of the verb + object

Examples:

  • We may / might go to America for vacation. (Affirmative)
  • We mayn't / mightn't go to America for vacation. (Negative)
  • Are we likely to go to America for vacation? (Interrogative)

For possibilities see also Could

Permission to do something

Present

Examples:

  • May i borrow your car for a day.
  • You may leave now because you have done your work.

Past

Note: We use "be allowed to" for past permission.

See also Be Allowed To

Examples:

  • You were allowed to deal with the situation because you knew the problem well.
  • I was allowed to participate in the competition.

Future

Examples:

  • You may leave for home when you complete your work.
  • You may meet me tomorrow.

Request

Examples:

  • May i join your group?
  • Might i go with you?

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