Conditional Sentences in English Grammar

Conditional Sentences in English Grammar type of conditionals

There are three common type of conditional sentences. 

Conditionals in English grammar

Conditional sentence consists on tow clauses:

  • If Clause
  • Main Clause 

1 - If clause > present simple tense,  main clause > future tense (will)

Examples:

  • If you come on time, we will go to the Cinema.
  • If I win the match, I will arrange a party.
  • If it is hot tomorrow, i will stay at home.

See also (will) Future Simple Tense

2 - If clause > past simple tense : main clause > would

Examples:

  • If mother was alive, she would help me.
  • If you  prepared well, you would easily do your paper.
  • If it was hot tomorrow, i would stay at home.

See also Would

3 - If clause > past perfect tense : main clause > would have

Examples:

  • If you had come on time, we would have  gone to the Cinema.
  • If I had won the match, I would have arranged a party.
  • If it had been hot yesterday, i would have stayed at home.

See also Would have

Note: We can start the conditional sentence with main clause.
Examples:

  • we will go to the Cinema If you come on time. 
  • she would help me If mother was alive. 
  • we would have  gone to the Cinema If you had come on time.
     

Conditional Type - 1
We use this to express a simple statement of real situation.

Examples:

  • If you come on time, we will go to the Cinema.
  • Teacher will punish you if you don't complete your homework.
  • You will fail your exams if you don't prepare harder.
  • She will complain against you, if you keep teasing her like that.

Conditional Type -  2
We use this to express unreal situation in present and future.
Examples:

  • If I had a lot of money, I would buy this house.  (but I don't have a lot of money)
  • If I were you, I would apologize her .                 (but I am not you)
  • If I won the match, I would arrange a party.        (but I don't expect to win the match)
  • If it was hot tomorrow, i would stay at home.      (but I don't have much hope that it will be hot)

Conditional Type - 3 
We use this to express the  situations that did not happen in the past.
Examples:

  • If it had been hot yesterday, we would have stayed at home.      (but it wasn't hot, so we didn't stay at home)
  • If you had prepared harder, you would have passed your exams. (but you didn't prepare hard, so you didn't pass your exams)
  • If I had made a lot of money, I would have bought a new house.  (but I didn't make money, so you didn't buy a house)
  • If she hadn't  driven slowly, she would have had an accident.      (but she was drove slowly, so she didn't have an accident)

Related Posts

Share this page:

0 Comments

Write a Comment

Your email address will not be published.
Required fields are marked *