Use of Shall and Will

Use of Shall and Will - Difference

"Shall" and "Will" are used with the same meaning as modal verbs in English grammar. In modern English the native speakers don't use shall to talk about future.

Shall grammar

Formula: Subject + shall + 1st form of the verb + object.

Examples:

  • I shall / I'll find a new job.                                             (Positive Sentence)
  • We shall not / We shan't compromise on this matter.      (Negative Sentence)

Note: "Shall" is used only with "I" and "We"

The use of "Shall" in other ways.

We use "shall" to express  to ask for advice, to make suggestion and offers.

Examples:

  • Shall i still remain in touch with him?         (Advice)
  • Shall we move together?                          (Suggestion)
  • Shall i fix this problem?                            (Offers)

Will grammar

Formula: Subject + will + 1st form of the verb + object.

Examples:

  • I will / I'll phone you in the evening.                                   (Positive Sentence)
  • She will not / won't agree to suggestion.                            (Negative Sentence)
  • Will you pass the exams this year?                                  (Interrogative Sentence)
  • Won't you stand by your parents when they are in trouble.  (Negative Question)

Note: "Will" is used with all subjects.

See also Future Simple Tense

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