Change of Pronoun in Indirect Speech

Rules for The Change of Pronoun in Indirect Speech

The pronoun (subject) of the reported speech is changed according to the pronoun of reporting verb or object (person) of reporting verb (first part of sentence). Sometimes the pronoun may not change. 

1. First person pronoun in reported speech i.e. I, we, me, us, mine, or our, is changed according to the pronoun of reporting verb if pronoun in reporting verb is third person pronoun i.e. he, she, it, they, him, his, her, them or their.
Examples:
         Direct speech: She said, “I live in China”
         Indirect speech: She said that She lived in China.
         Direct speech: They said, “we love football”
         Indirect speech: They said that they loved football.

2. First person pronoun in reported speech i.e. I, we, me, us, mine, or our, is not changed if the pronoun (Subject) of reporting is also first person pronoun i.e. I or we.
Examples:
       Direct speech: I said, “I write a book” 
       Indirect speech: I said that I wrote a book.
       Direct speech: We said, “we did our job”
       Indirect speech: We said that we did our job.

3. Second person pronoun in reported speech i.e. you, yours is changed according     to the person of object of reporting verb.
Examples:
        Direct speech: She said to him, “you are handsome”
        Indirect speech: She said to him that he was handsome.
        Direct speech: He said to me, “you are the main guest of the party”
        Indirect speech: He said to me that I was the main guest of  the party.

4. Third person pronoun in reported speech i.e. he, she, it, they, him, his, her, them or their, is not changed in indirect speech.
Examples:
    Direct speech: They said, “he will leave us for good”
    Indirect speech: They said that he would leave us for good.
    Direct speech: You said, “they are waiting for the train”
    Indirect speech: You said that they were waiting for the train.

Changes in time and adverbs in indirect speech
Time and adverbs are changed in indirect speech.

Examples:
         Direct speech: He said, “I will meet mother tomorrow” 
         Indirect speech: He said that he would meet mother the next day.
         Direct speech: She said, “I am pleased now”
         Indirect speech: She said that she was pleased then.
         Direct speech: He said, “I like this magazine”
         Indirect speech: He said that he liked that magazine.
 
 

Common Rules for change of pronoun in indirect speech

Today - changes into that day/the same day 
Tomorrow - changes into the next day/the following day 
Yesterday - changes into the day before/the previous day 
Next week/month/year - changes into the following week/month/year 
Last week/month/year - changes into the previous week/month/year 
Now/just - changes into  then
Ago - changes into before 
Here - changes into there
This - changes into that

English grammar direct and indirect speech
Indirect speech for interrogative sentence
Indirect speech for modals
Indirect speech for exclamatory and imperatice sentence
Indirect speech for all tenses

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