Indirect Speech for Exclamatory and Imperative Sentences

Indirect Speech for Exclamatory and Imperative Sentences

Indirect speech for imperative sentences

A sentence which expresses command, request, advice or suggestion is called imperative sentence
Example:
     •  Open the door.
     •  Please help me.
     •  Obey your parents.
To change such sentences into indirect speech, the word “ordered”,  “requested”,  “advised”, “suggested”,  “forbade”,  “not to do” is added to reporting verb depending upon nature of imperative sentence in reported speech.
Examples:
           Direct speech: The said to me, “please help me”
           Indirect Speech: They requested me to help them.
           Direct speech: She said to him, “you should find a job”
           Indirect Speech: He suggested him to find a job.
           Direct speech: They said to him, “do not go there”
           Indirect Speech: They said to him not to go there.
           Direct speech: He said, “open the door”
           Indirect Speech: He ordered to open the door.
           Direct speech: The teacher said to student, “do not make a noise”
           Indirect Speech: The teacher advised the students not to make a noise.
           Direct speech: He said, “please give me a cup of coffee”
           Indirect Speech: He requested to give him a cup of coffee.
           Direct speech: Doctor said to me, “Do not smoke”
           Indirect Speech: Doctor advised me not to smoke. 
           Direct speech: The teacher said to him, “come inside”
           Indirect Speech: The teacher ordered him to come inside.

Indirect speech for exclamatory sentences

Sentence which show the state of joy or sorrow or wonder is called exclamatory sentence.
Example:
             •  Hurrah! We won the match.
             •  Alas! I passed the test.
             •  Wow! What a nice car it is.
To change such sentences, the words “exclaimed with joy” or “exclaimed with sorrow” or “exclaimed with wonder” is added in the reporting verb depending upon the nature of exclamatory sentence in indirect speech.

Examples:
     Direct speech: He said, “Hurrah! I got a reward” 
     Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with joy that he had got a reward.
     Direct speech: She said, “Alas! I failed in exam”
     Indirect Speech: She exclaimed with sorrow that she failed in the exam.
     Direct speech: John said, “Wow! What a nice car it is”
     Indirect Speech: John exclaimed with wonder that it was a nice car.
     Direct speech: She said, “Hurrah! I am selected for the job”
     Indirect Speech: She exclaimed with joy that she was selected for the job.
     Direct speech: He said, “Oh no! I missed the bus”
     Indirect Speech: He exclaimed with sorrow that he had missed the bus.
     Direct speech: They said, “Wow! What a pleasant environment it is”
     Indirect Speech:  They exclaimed with wonder that it was a pleasant environment.

English grammar direct and indirect speech
Indirect speech for interrogative sentence
Indirect speech for modals
Indirect speech for all tenses
Change of pronoun in indirect speech

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