Indirect Speech For Interrogative Sentence

Indirect Speech for Interrogative Sentences

For changing interrogative (question) sentence into indirect speech we have to observe the nature of question and then change it into indirect speech according to its rules for indirect speech. A question can be of two types. One type which can be answered in only YES or NO and other type which needs a little bit explanation for its answer and cannot be answered in only YES or NO.
Examples:
          Do you like Math? (It can be answered in YES or NO)
          How are you? (It cannot be answered in YES or NO but it needs a little bit explanation i.e, I am fine.)

Questions which can be answered in YES/NO

To change questions (which can be answered in yes or no) into indirect speech, the word “if” or “whether” is used before the question in reported speech. Rules for changing question sentences are same as for change in normal tenses in indirect speech but sentence will not start with the auxiliary verb of the tense. The word “that” is not used between reporting verb and reported speech as conjunction in indirect speech for question sentence. Question mark is not used in indirect speech.
Examples:
          Direct speech: He said to me, “do you like Math?”
          Indirect Speech: He asked me if I liked Math. (Not, did I like Math)
          Or Indirect Speech: He asked me whether I liked Math.
          
          Direct speech:  She said, “Will he participate in the competition?”
          Indirect Speech: She asked me if he would participate in the competition.
          Direct speech: I said to him, “are you ok?”
          Indirect Speech: I asked him if he was ok.
          Direct speech: They said to me, “did u go to college?”
          Indirect Speech: They asked me if I had gone to college.
          Direct speech: He said to me, “Have you had the lunch?”
          Indirect Speech: He asked me if I had had the lunch.

Question which cannot be answered in YES/NO

To change such questions into indirect speech, the word “if” or “whether” is not used. The tense of the question is changed according to the rules for change in normal tenses in indirect speech but the sentence will not start with the auxiliary verb of the tense. The word “that” is not used between reporting verb and reported speech as conjunction, in indirect speech for question sentence. Question mark is not used in indirect speech.
Examples:
             Direct speech: He said to me, “how are you?”
             Indirect speech: He asked me how I was. (Not, how was i)
             Direct speech: Teacher said to him, “what is your father's name?”
             Indirect speech: Teacher asked him what his father's name was.
             Direct speech: She said to him, “why did you do that?”
             Indirect speech: She asked him why he had done that.
             Direct speech: He said, “when will they arrive?”
             Indirect speech: He asked when they would arrive.
             Direct speech: She asked his son, “why are you tense?”
             Indirect speech: She asked her son why he was tense.

Direct and Indirect Speech Grammar

English geammar direct and indirect speech
Indirect speech for all tenses
Indirect speech for modals
Indirect speech for exclamatory and imperatice sentence
Change of pronoun in indirect speech

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