Kinds Of Sentence (According to Structure)

A sentence may consist of one clause (independent clause or dependent clause). An independent clause is also called the main clause. A dependent clause is also called a subordinate clause. 

There are four kinds of sentence according to structure.

1.    Simple Sentence
2.    Compound Sentence
3.    Complex Sentence
4.    Complex-Compound Sentence

Simple Sentence

A simple sentence consists of only one independent clause containing a subject and a verb and it shows complete meaning. There is no dependent clause.
“An independent clause (also called the main clause) is called a simple sentence.”

Examples:
             
He fought.
             She ate an apple.
             They are working.
             I bought a car.
             She smiled.
 

Compound Sentence
A compound sentence consists of at least two independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunction. There is no dependent clause in a compound sentence. The coordinating conjunctions are used to join independent clauses are “for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so”. Independent clauses can also be joined by a semicolon (;). A comma may or may not be used before the conjunction in the compound sentence.

Examples:
            
I like an apple but my brother likes a banana.
            I helped him and he got happy.
            He lost two times yet he is not disappointed.
            I asked him a question; he replied incorrectly.
            She likes football but I don't like it.
 
Complex Sentence

A complex sentence consists of one independent clause and at least one dependent clause joined by subordinating conjunction (because, although, since, when, unless etc) or a relative pronoun (that, who, which etc).

Examples:
            
I saw the boy who had helped me.
            She is wearing a shirt which looks awesome.
            You can’t pass the test unless you prepare for it.
            You can go out as long as Simon goes with you.
If a complex sentence begins with an independent clause, a comma is not used between clauses in a complex sentence. If a complex sentence begins with a dependent clause, a comma is used after the dependent clause in a complex sentence. 
Example:

           He is playing well although he is not fit.
           Although he is ill, he is working well.
 
Complex - Compound Sentence   

A complex-compound sentence consists of at least two independents and one or more dependent clauses. It is also sometimes called compound-complex Sentence.

Examples:
     
1. He went to college and I went to a market where I bought a book.
      2. I like Accounting but my bother likes Biology because he wants to be a doctor.
In the first of two sentences above, there are two independent clauses “he went to college” and “I went to a market”, and one dependent clause “where I bought a book”

See also

Sentences in English grammar

Kinds of sentence according to function

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