Present Progressive Tense

Present Progressive Tense

The present progressive tense is used to describe a continued or ongoing action at present time. It expresses an action which is in progress at the time of speaking.

Rules. Auxiliary verb “am or is or are” is used in sentence. 1st form of verb + ing (present participle) is used as main verb in sentence.

Structure of sentence
 

Positive / Simple Sentence
        • Subject + am/is/are + 1st form of the verb + ing + object

If the subject is “I” , auxiliary verb “am” is used after subject in sentence.
If the subject is “He, She, It, singular or proper name” ,  auxiliary verb “is” is used after subject in sentence.
If subject is “You, They or plural” , auxiliary verb “are” is used after subject in sentence.
The participle “ing” is added to the 1st form of verb i.e. going (go) writing (write).

Examples:
        I am playing chess.
        He is studying Math.
        They are watching movie.

Negative Sentence
      • Subject + am/is/are + not + (1st form of verb + ing) + object

Examples:
         I am not playing chess.
         He is not studying Math.
         They are not watching movie.

Interrogative Sentences
      • Am/is/are + Subject + 1st form of verb + ing + object

For making interrogative sentences, the sentence is started with auxiliary verb rather than putting auxiliary verb inside the sentence. If the subject is “I” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “am”. If the subject is “He, She, It, singular or proper name” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “is”. If subject is “You, They or plural” the sentence starts with auxiliary verb “are”.

Examples:
          Am I playing chess?
          Is he studying Math?
          Are they watching movie?

PRESENT TENSE

PAST TENSE

FUTURE TENSE

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