Present Simple Tense
The present simple tense is used to describe an habitual or usual actions or daily event or universal fact of action in present time. It is used to show an action in present time which is usually done on a regular basis. For example a student says, “I go to school”. It is a daily activity of a student to go to school, so such actions are expressed by the present simple tense. Another example is, “I work in a factory”. It tells about a usual action of a person that he works in a factory on regular basis.
Note. 1st form of verb or base verb is used as main verb in sentence.
Structure of sentence
Positive / Affirmative Sentence
• Subject + 1st form of verb (or base verb) + Object
Note: If the subject in a sentence is “he, she, it, singular or proper noun, we add “s” or “es” is to the first form of the verb or base form in the sentence.
I play football.
He gets up early in the morning.
Sun rises in east.
• Subject + Do not/Does not + 1st form of verb (or base form) + object
I do not play football.
He does not get up early in the morning.
Sun does not rise in east.
Note: In negative sentence we use auxiliary verb “do or does” along with “not” . If the subject in a sentence is “he, she, it, singular or proper noun”, we use “Does not” after subject in sentence. If subject is “I, we, they, you or plural” we use “Do not” after subject in sentence. “s” or “es” is not added to main verb in negative sentence.
• Do/Does + Subject + 1st form of verb (or base verb) + Object
Do I play football?
Does he get up early in the morning?
Does sun rise in east?
Note: If the subject in a sentence is “he, she, it, singular or proper noun” the sentence is started with Auxiliary verb “Does”. If the subject in a sentence is “I, we, they, you or plural” the sentence is started with auxiliary verb “Do”. “s” or “es” is not added to main verb in Interrogative sentence .
Interrogative Negative sentences
- Don't/doesn't + subject + 1st form of verb +object
Don't i play football?
Doesn't he get up early in the morning?
Doesn't sun rise in the east?
Note: We use short contraction or short form like, do not - don't, does not - doesn't.