Types of Preposition | kinds of Preposition

Types of Preposition in Detail

We use Preposition to show a relationship between noun and pronoun in the sentences.

Some examples: out, in, up, on, down, at, to, with, over, under, above, into, by, of, next to, besides, between etc...

We always use preposition before a noun or pronoun to show the relation between noun and pronoun in the sentences.

Example:

Subject + Verb Preposition Noun
The dog was sleeping on table.
Me and my sister live in Chicago.
She looked at window.
He will be back in March.
Program will be held on 21st of November.
He was waiting for You.
Who is knocking at the door?
She came by bus.

 

Prepositions define many relations (for different nouns) in the sentences. On the basis of relation they show, We can divide preposition into following categories.

  • Preposition for a place.  e.g. in, on, at, etc
  • Preposition for time.  e.g. in, on, at, etc
  • Preposition for direction.  e.g. to, towards, into, through, downwards, upstairs etc
  • Preposition for device, instrument or machines. e.g. on, by, with, etc
  • Preposition for an agent.  e.g. by
  • Some Prepositions are used after verbs to make a prepositional verb. e.g. look at, look after, laugh at, Smile at etc

Types of Preposition

  1.  Preposition for Time
  2.  Preposition for Place 
  3.  Preposition for Direction
  4.  Preposition for Agent
  5.  Preposition for Instrument
  6.  Prepositional Phrase

Prepositions for Time (in, on, at)

Prepositions used for time of different natures.  in, on, at etc.

Preposition Time Nature
In

1. Month or Year. 
e.g. in June, in 1995

2. Particular time of day, month,  year, season.
e.g. in the morning, in the evening, in the first week of March, in summer, in winter

3. Century or specific time in past etc
e.g. in the 21st century, in the stone age, in past, in future, in present

On

1. Day 
e.g. on Sunday.

2. Date
e.g. on 10th  of March, on March 10.

3. Particular day
e.g. on Independence Day, on birthday.

At

1. Time of clock
e.g. at 5 O’clock, at 7:30 PM

2. Short and precise time 
e.g. at noon, at sunset, at lunchtime, at bedtime, at the moment, at the same time

Examples:
          He was born in 1965.
          She will go to China on the 21st of April.
          The concert will start at 9 O’clock.
          She gets up early in the morning.
          We worked a lot in the summer.
          The president will deliver a speech to the public on Independence Day.
          He received a lot of gifts on his birthday. 
          Where were you at the lunchtime?
          I will call you at 11 A.M.

          We will meet you at 9 o'clock tomorrow.

Preposition for Place (in, on, at)

Prepositions “in, on or at” are usually used for different places.

  • In” is usually used for the place which has some boundary (boundary may physical or virtual).
  • On” is used for the surface.
  • At” is used for the specific place.
Preposition Time Nature
In

 Places which have some boundaries  
In hall
In school
In a building
In a box
In a car
In the library
In garden
In Saudi Arabia
In room
In cupboard

On

Surface of something
On a table
On blackboard 
On a page
On the wall
On the roof
On a map

At

Specific Place
At the entrance
At the table
At front of the chair
At the bus stop
At the edge of the roof

Examples:
          She lives in Chicago.
          Students study in the library.
          The birthday party will be held in the hall.
          There are some pens on the table.
          The teacher wrote some sentences on the blackboard.
          She was flying kite on the roof.
          His parents were waiting for him at the entrance of the school.
          There was a huge gathering at the bus stop.
          His office is at the end of the street.

Preposition of Direction (to, towards, through, into, downwards)

We use prepositions like to, towards, through, into are used to describe the direction.

Examples:
         They went to college.
         He jumped into the river.
         He saw someone coming towards him.

         Peter walked through the gate.

Preposition of Agent (by) 

We use Preposition of the agent to show that something causes another thing in the sentence. Such prepositions are by, with, etc.

Examples:
         This book is written by him. 
         The work was completed by them.
         The room was decorated by us.
         The glass is filled with water.

         Merry came with her mom.

Preposition for device, instrument or machine

Different prepositions are used by different devices, instruments or machines. e.g. by, with, on etc.

Examples:
         She comes by bus daily.
         He opened the lock with key.

         Sarah wrote an essay with a pencil.

Prepositional Verb

A combination of a verb and a preposition is called a prepositional verb. A verb followed by a preposition.

Prepositional Phrase  =  Verb + Preposition

Some verbs need particular prepositions to be used after them in sentences having a direct object. Such a verb with its required preposition is called a prepositional phrase.

For example:

She knocks at the door.

In the above sentence “knock at” is the prepositional phrase which contains a verb “knock” and a preposition “at”. Without the use of correct preposition after a prepositional verb in a sentence, the sentence is considered to be grammatically wrong. For example, if we say, “he knocks the door”, it is wrong because it lacks the required preposition “at”. So the correct sentence is “he knocks at the door”.

Prepositional Verbs are transitive and they have a direct object in the sentence. Some of the frequently used preposition verbs are, laugh at, knock at, listen to, look at, look for, look after, wait for, agree to, agree with, talk about, talked to.

Examples:

  • He is listening to the music.
  • Merry looked at the board.
  • We believe in God.
  • They were waiting for the guests.
  • Do you agree with me?
  • Do you agree to her proposal?
  • Someone is knocking at the door.
  • You should rely on me.
  • She agrees with you.
  • A cricket team consists of eleven players.

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