Kinds of adverb: A word which describes a verb or adjective or other adverb is called adverb.
She replied quickly.
The word “quickly” is an adverb which gives more information about verb “reply” in the above example. The adverb “quickly” in above example expresses us about the verb “reply” that the reply was given quickly or with no time delay.
Similarly, an adverb may also describe adjective or other adverb or other parts of speech except for the noun.
Examples: (adverbs describing verbs)
He was ridding carelessly.
Ali can speak Arabic fluently.
They work honestly.
Maryam is laughing loudly.
He goes to school daily.
We sometimes get excited.
He met me yesterday.
Guests will come here.
Examples: (adverbs describing adjectives)
Note: The bold words (in following examples) are adverbs and the underlined words are adjectives.
It is a extremely tough time.
He is seriously annoyed.
This book is really informative.
The story of “crazy boy” was truly amazing.
You are too weak to walk.
Examples: (adverbs describing other adverbs)
Note: The bold word (in following examples) is an adverb and underlined word is the other adverb.
Ali drives very slowly.
She was talking too much angrily.
He ran fast enough to catch the bus.
They live very happily.
Formation of adverb
- Most of adverbs are formed by adding “-ly” to adjectives. For example, happy-happily, easy-easily, quick-quickly, angry-angrily, correct-correctly, fluent-fluently, proud-proudly, loud-loudly, rapid-rapidly, immediate-immediately, slow-slowly etc
- A few adverbs exists without “-ly”. For example, fast, deep, far, hard, high, wrong, right, low, well, tight, straight, there, here, late, very, too, not
|Adverbs of Manner||Adverbs of Place||Adverbs of Time||Adverbs of Frequency|
|Greedily||Top||Tonight||Again and again|
Kinds of Adverb
There are four kinds of adverb in English grammar.
An adverb describes the verb by giving the information below.
How the action occurs
Where the action occurs
How many times action occurs
What time the action occurs
Intensity of action
Adverbs are aften categorized on the basis of information they give, just have look on the following categories.
- Adverbs of manner
- Adverb of place
- Adverb of time
- Adverb of frequency
Adverbs of Manner
These adverbs describe that in which manner the action occurs or occurred or will occur.
He speaks politely.
She was driving carefully.
We replied correctly.
We run fast.
We solved the question easily.
Listen to the teacher carefully.
Adverb of Place
Adverb of place describes the place of action or where an action occurs/occurred/will occur.
e.g. here, there, near, somewhere, outside, ahead, on the top, at some place.
She will be here.
The boys are fighting outside.
He was sitting near the pole.
We were flying very jazzy kites on top of the hill.
She works somewhere in Karachi.
Brother went upstairs.
Adverb of time
These adverbs describe the time of action. e.g. then, now, tomorrow, soon, tonight, yesterday, today, again, early.
I will purchase a mobile phone tomorrow.
My guests came yesterday.
Do your homework now.
We are still waiting for our mother.
They woke up early in the morning.
Adverb of frequency
Adverbs of frequency describe how many times the action occurs or occurred or will occur.
e.g. daily, sometimes, often, seldom, usually, frequently, always, ever, generally, rarely, monthly, yearly.
Hayyan and Ali go to school daily.
Sarah never smokes.
He is always late for class.
They always work in time.
Barking dogs seldom bite.
The employees are paid monthly.
We go to the cinema every month.