Use of Adjectives
A word which describes a noun or pronoun is called adjective.
There is the number of adjectives in English grammar, for example, a tall man, new flat, white car. The words “tall, new, white” are adjectives which give more information about nouns “man, flat, and car” in these examples.
More than one adjective can also be used for a single noun in the sentence.
The beautiful girl entered the hall.
The tall, beautiful girl entered the hall.
The tall, thin, beautiful girl entered the hall.
The tall, thin, beautiful and intelligent girl entered the hall.
Some more examples:
- White, red, black, green, purple, yellow, orange, brown, and black are adjectives because they mention the color of the noun or pronoun.
- Beautiful, attractive, ugly, thin, slim, fat, tall, and short are adjectives and they describe the physical characteristic of a noun or pronoun.
- Intelligent, brave, courageous, determined, adventurous and diligent are few of the adjectives in English grammar and they describe the personal traits of a noun or pronoun.
Use of adjectives in the sentence
The adjective is used in a sentence at two places depending upon the structure of a sentence.
- Before noun
- After some verbs (After stative verbs like seem, look, be (when used as a stative verb), feel etc)
Adjective before noun (Examples)
He ate a delicious pizza.
She bought a white car.
A fat man was running in the street.
I saw a cute baby.
I don’t like hot coffee.
They live in a big house.
Poor can’t afford expensive clothes.
A severe headache and fever are symptoms of malaria.
He is facing a tough time.
Adjective after verbs
Adjectives in English grammar may be used after stative verbs (i.e. seem, look, sound, taste, appear, feel, be). Adjective is used after such verbs which behaves like stative verbs.
For example, Iron is hot “Hot” is adjective in the above sentence which comes after “is” and “is” behaves like a stative verb in this sentence. “Hot” after the verb “is” but it tells us about the noun (subject) “iron”
Your brother seems worried.
That book was good.
This pizza tastes delicious.
The story sounds interesting.
He is silly.
The man became annoyed.
She looks ravishing.
Degrees of Adjective
There are three degrees of the adjective.
1. Positive Adjective 2. Comparative Adjective 3. Superlative Adjective
|Beautiful||More beautifu||The Most beautiful|
|Horrible||More horrible||The Most horrible|
Use of comparative adjective
Comparative adjectives in English grammar are used to express characteristic of one thing in comparison to another thing. It makes the comparison between two things (only two things not more than two).
Word “than” is mostly used after comparative adjective but sometimes other words “to” may be used after the comparative adjective.
She is taller than Sana.
A cup is smaller than a glass.
He is junior to me.
Arabic is more difficult than English.
Paris is more beautiful than New York.
Comparative adjectives in English grammar are used to express characteristic of one thing in comparison to other things (many things). It makes comparison among things more than two. Superlative is the highest degree of a thing in comparison to other things. A superlative adjective means that an object is surpassing all others (things in comparison) in quality or characteristic. For example, John is the most intelligent student in his class. It means Ali is surpassing all other students in his class and no other student in his class is as intelligent as Ali.
Article “the” is used before superlative degree. “in” or “of” etc are used after the superlative and describing noun in the sentence.
Bills Gate is the richest person in the world.
Brunel is the most beautiful hotel in England.
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
She is the smallest girl in the class.
Our generation is the most advanced.
His house is the biggest in the street.
The winter is the coldest time of the year.