What is diabetes?
When a body is not able to properly store and use glucose (a form of sugar) is generally known as diabetes disease. Glucose backs up in the bloodstream — bringing about one’s blood glucose (sometimes referred to as blood sugar) to rise too high.
There are two major types of diabetes
1 (formerly called insulin-dependent) diabetes
The body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. People with insulin-dependent diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes often develops in children or young adults, but can be at any age.
2 (formerly called non insulin-dependent) diabetes
when the body doesn’t produce sufficient insulin or is not able to use insulin properly (insulin resistance). This form of diabetes usually occurs in people who are over 40, overweight, and having a family history of diabetes, today it increasingly occurs in younger people, particularly adolescents.
How can people get to know if they have diabetes?
People with diabetes frequently experience certain symptoms:
- blurry vision
- extreme unexplained fatigue
- frequent urination
- being very thirsty
- weight loss
- increased hunger
- wounds that don't heal
- tingling or numbness in the hands or feet
- frequent skin, bladder or gum infections
There are no symptoms in some cases — this can happen at times with non insulin-dependent diabetes. people can live for months, even years without realising that they have the disease In this particular case. This form of diabetes appeares so gradually that symptoms may not even be recognized.
There are certain things that a person who has diabetes, whether insulin-dependent diabetes or non insulin-dependent diabetes, needs to do to be healthy. They need to have a meal or eating plan. They need to pay attention to how much physical activity they engage with, because physical activity makes the body use insulin better so it may convert glucose into energy for cells. Everyone with insulin-dependent diabetes, and some people with non insulin-dependent diabetes, also needs to take insulin injections. Some people with non insulin-dependent diabetes take pills called "oral agents" which help their bodies produce more insulin or use the insulin it is producing better and some of them can manage their disease without medication by appropriate meal plan and adequate physical activity.
Everyone who suffers from diabetes should consult diabetes specialist (an endocrinologist or a dialectologist) at least once every six months. He or she must also be seen periodically by other members of a diabetes treatment team, including a diabetes nurse educator, and a dietitian who will help develop a meal plan for the individual. Ideally, one should also see an exercise physiologist for help in improving a physical activity plan, and, perhaps, , psychologist a social worker or other mental health professional for help with the stresses and challenges of living with a chronic disease. Everyone who has diabetes must have regular eye exams (atleast once a year) by an eye doctor expert in diabetes eye care to make sure that any eye problems associated with diabetes are diagnosed early and cured before they become critical.
Also, people with diabetes need to learn how to monitor their blood glucose. Daily testing will help determine how well their activity plan, meal plan and medication are working to keep blood glucose levels in a normal range.
Who becomes the victim of diabetes?
Anyone can be affected by Diabetes. However, people who have close relatives with the disease are somewhat more likely to develop it. Other risk factors include high cholesterol, obesity, high blood pressure, and physical inactivity. As the people grow older The risk of developing diabetes also increases. People who are over 40 and overweight are more likely to become victim of diabetes, although the incidence of non insulin-dependent diabetes in adolescents is growing.Diabetes is more common among Native Americans, African Americans, Hispanic Americans and Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Also, the women who develop diabetes during pregnancy (a condition called gestational diabetes) are more likely to develop full-blown diabetes later in life.
What other problems can diabetes cause?
You must follow your meal plan and exercise program which is planned by your healthcare team. use your medications and monitor your blood glucose regularly to keep your blood glucose in as normal a range as possible as much of the time as possible. Why is this so important? Because poorly managed diabetes can lead to a host of long-term complications — among these are strokes, heart attacks, blindness, kidney failure,and blood vessel disease that can require an amputation, nerve damage and impotence in men. But happily, a nationwide study completed over a 10-year period showed that if people keep their blood glucose as close to normal as possible, they can reduce their risk of increasing some of these complications by 50 percent or more.
Probably non insulin-dependent diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, yet we still cannot understand it completely. Recent research does suggest, however, that there are some things one can do to prevent this form of diabetes. Studies show that lifestyle changes can prevent or delay the onset of non insulin-dependent diabetes in those adults who are at high risk of getting the disease. Modest weight loss (5-10% of body weight)and modest physical activity (30 minutes a day) are recommended to follow.